Warmup

Warmup Challenges




Tips & Tricks

General


Common built-in Linux tools:

  • chmod +x <filename>

    Makes a file runnable - chmod changes permissions of a file.

  • ./<filename>

    Run a file.

  • file <filename>

    View file type and information.

  • strings <filename>

    Print all printable strings in a file.

  • nc <host> <port>

    Use netcat to connect to a remote host. This is very common in the pwn category and other remote challenges.

  • xxd <filename>

    View the hex dump of a file using xxd.

  • base64 -d <filename>

    Decode a Base64-encoded file.

Web


  • Browser developer tools

    Found in most browsers by pressing [F12].
    Here you can view the network traffic, cookies, page source code and more.

  • robots.txt

    Most web pages has this file, located at www.example.com/robots.txt. This is to prevent web crawlers from traversing certain places of a web page.
    Hidden paths and information may be found here.

Binary


Some common disassembly and debugging tools:

  • gdb

    The Gnu debugger, built into most Linux systems.

  • OllyDbg

  • IDA Pro

  • radare2

  • ghidra

Scripting


Sometimes you have to write short scripts to solve certain challenges.
We recommend using your favourite language.

Common languages include:

  • Python

  • C/C++

  • bash

  • perl

  • ruby

  • PHP